10 Tips on How to Feed an Axolotl


10 Tips on How to Feed an Axolotl

1. Recognize That They Are Carnivores

Because axolotls are obligate carnivores, they only consume protein derived from animals. They eat a wide range of tiny invertebrates, including worms, crustaceans, and insects, in their native environment. In order to provide for our pets’ nutritional needs, it is imperative that we try to mimic their natural diet as much as possible.

2. Provide Living Invertebrates

Providing axolotls with live feeder organisms is one of the most fascinating and natural ways to feed them. Brine shrimp, black worms, blood worms, and tiny feeder fish like minnows or guppies are popular choices. In addition to offering your axolotl an exciting hunting experience, live feeders guarantee that your pet gets vital nutrients in the most bioavailable form possible, mimicking their natural eating habits.

3. Take into Account Freeze-Dried or Frozen Foods

Freeze-dried or frozen meals are preferred by many axolotl owners due to their ease of storage and convenience. Frozen tubifex worms, frozen brine shrimp, freeze-dried krill, and frozen blood worms are some of these alternatives. Even if these substitutes are easier to get, you still need to be sure they are of good quality and don’t include any additives or preservatives that can be harmful to your axolotl. Pick reliable products and always check the ingredient labels.

4. Include Gel foods and Commercial Pellets

Gel meals and commercial axolotl pellets may be included in a healthy diet. These choices provide a practical and nutrient-rich substitute, particularly when paired with other dietary sources. It is important to choose premium items that are especially designed for axolotls or other aquatic amphibians in order to guarantee that their dietary requirements are fulfilled.

5. Modify Feeding Schedule Depending on Age

Your axolotl’s feeding schedule should be modified according to its size and age. Axolotls that are younger, particularly those that are under six months old, have greater metabolic rates and need to be fed more often. You may cut down on how often they feed them as they become older. Adhere to a feeding schedule determined by your axolotl’s age to guarantee optimal nutrition and avoid giving it too much or too little food.

6. Make Use of Portion Control

Overfeeding axolotls may result in obesity and other health problems. Feed a quantity that your axolotl can finish in five to ten minutes as a general rule of thumb. To prevent overfeeding, watch how they eat and modify quantities appropriately. Slight underfeeding is preferable than overfeeding since too much food may contaminate the water and cause health issues.

7. Use Appropriate Feeding Methods

Ensure your axolotl’s tank is set up correctly, with adequate hiding spots, proper water parameters, and a stress-free environment. Stress can suppress their appetite and lead to health issues. Consider using feeding tongs to deliver food directly to your pet, and some owners prefer to feed their axolotls at night when they are more active and display better feeding responses.

8. Preserve Ideal Water Quality

Sustaining appropriate water quality is essential for the well-being and hunger of your axolotl. Test and record water quality metrics on a regular basis, including pH, ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates. When necessary, make partial water changes. Maintaining a tidy and clean habitat can help your axolotl eat healthily and avoid any negative health effects from low water quality.

9. Provide Variation and Supplementation

Supplementing axolotls with calcium and vitamins on occasion may be beneficial, particularly during times of fast growth or breeding. See a vet or knowledgeable axolotl keeper for guidance on the right supplements. Furthermore, switch up your axolotl’s diet to guarantee a healthy and interesting diet that will encourage natural eating habits and enrichment.

10. Patience and Observation

Since each axolotl is different, figuring out the best feeding schedule may need some trial and error. Have patience and see how your pet reacts to different diets and feeding times. Adapt in accordance with their behavior, appetite, and general state of health. See an exotic pet doctor or veteran axolotl keepers for advice if your axolotl often rejects food or exhibits other alarming behaviors.

For your axolotl to have a long and healthy life, proper feeding is essential. You can guarantee that your aquatic pet eats a healthy, balanced diet and enhance their pleasure by adhering to these 10 suggestions. Keep in mind that effective axolotl care requires patience, consistency, and a thorough grasp of their nutritional requirements.

Professional Advice | How to Feed an Axolotl


Though it may seem simple, feeding an axolotl requires meticulous preparation. As a whole, the health and well-being of these amphibians depends on meeting their specific dietary needs. In this comprehensive guide, we will discuss “how to feed an axolotl” in great depth, including the best ways to feed them and the types of food they can eat. If you want your axolotl to have a long, healthy life and flourish, you should give it the foods listed in this page.

Understanding Axolotl Dietary Requirements

Before you get into the specifics of feeding these amphibians, be sure you understand their dietary needs. In their natural habitat, axolotls prey on small water animals such as worms, insects, and larvae.

Protein: The Building Block

Axolotls rely on protein as their primary food source. A high-protein diet is essential for these animals’ continued development, growth, and overall health. When protein is lacking, it may lead to weakened immune systems, general bad health, and delayed growth.

Fat and Carbohydrates: The Balancing Act

Protein is essential for the energy and biological functioning of axolotls, along with minor amounts of lipids and carbohydrates. However, weight gain and other health issues could emerge from an excess of these macronutrients.

Water Quality: A Crucial Factor

The digestive tract of an axolotl is very sensitive to water quality. Their health and appetite might take a hit if the water contains excessive amounts of ammonia or nitrite. It is very important to maintain clean water conditions for your axolotl.

Nutritional Requirements

In order to provide enough nutrition for your axolotl, it is essential to provide it a balanced food. In addition to a low-fat, high-protein diet, axolotls need certain minerals and vitamins in their meal. The healthiest options are often live or frozen foods as they closely resemble an axolotl’s diet.

Here’s a table comparing the nutritional values of some common axolotl food sources:

Food Source

Protein Content Fat Content


Blood Worms

High Moderate Rich in protein and iron

Brine Shrimp

Moderate Low

Good source of calcium


High Low

Excellent source of omega-3 fatty acids

Feeder Fish

High Moderate

Provides a balanced nutrient profile

Carnivore Pellets

Moderate to High


Fortified with essential vitamins and minerals

It’s important to vary your axolotl’s diet to ensure they receive a well-rounded nutritional intake. Relying solely on one food source can lead to nutritional deficiencies over time.

What do axolotls like to eat?

Axolotls, who are known for their peculiar behavior, have certain feeding preferences that must be understood in order to provide them with the appropriate care. Because they are obligate carnivores, the majority of the food that they like eating is live feeder species such as brine shrimp, blood worms, black worms, and tiny feeder fish. Providing them with live prey not only fulfills their natural drive to hunt, but it also supplies them with a supply of protein and other important elements that satisfy their natural impulses.

Many proprietors choose frozen or freeze-dried alternatives, such as frozen blood worms, brine shrimp, tubifex worms, or krill, since they are more convenient to provide their pets with. It is widely agreed by axolotls that these alternatives are acceptable, and they provide a practical answer for the issue of frequent feedings.

In addition, commercial pellets and gel meals that have been developed expressly for axolotls or aquatic amphibians may be integrated into their diet in order to give them with a comprehensive and well-balanced diet.

When it comes to catering to the nutritional requirements of an axolotl, variety is essential. A menu that is enticing and varied, which reflects their normal eating patterns and reduces boredom, may be created by rotating between commercial meals, frozen or freeze-dried foods, and live foods.

Choosing the Right Axolotl Food

With a better understanding of axolotl dietary requirements, it’s time to explore the various food options available. Here are some popular choices:

Live Foods

Earthworms and Black worms

Earthworms and black worms are among the most popular live food choices for axolotls. They are readily available, nutritious, and typically well-accepted by these amphibians.

Brine Shrimp and Daphnia

Brine shrimp and daphnia are excellent options for young or smaller axolotls. These tiny crustaceans are rich in protein and can be easily consumed by your pet.

Feeder Fish

While some axolotl owners feed small feeder fish, such as guppies or minnows, this practice is controversial due to potential health risks and ethical concerns.

Frozen Foods

Frozen foods, such as blood worms, krill, and brine shrimp, offer a convenient and nutritious option for axolotl owners. These foods can be thawed and fed to your pet as a treat or as part of a varied diet.

Pellets and Gel Foods

Commercial axolotl pellets and gel foods can also be part of a balanced diet. These options provide a convenient and nutrient-dense alternative, but it’s crucial to choose high-quality products specifically formulated for axolotls or other aquatic amphibians.

Food Type



Live Feeders

Stimulating, natural hunting behavior, highly bio available nutrients

Potential for introducing parasites or diseases, messy


Convenient, easy to store, low risk of contamination

May lack some essential nutrients, less stimulating

Pellets/Gel Foods

Convenient, complete nutrition, easy to portion

Potentially less palatable, may lack variety

Supplements and Enrichments

Calcium and Vitamin Supplements

Axolotls may benefit from occasional calcium and vitamin supplementation, especially during periods of rapid growth or when recovering from injuries or illness.

Enrichment Foods

Offering a variety of enrichment foods, such as freeze-dried shrimp or insects, can add variety to your axolotl’s diet and provide mental stimulation.

Feeding Techniques and Schedules

Now that you’ve explored the various food options, let’s discuss feeding techniques and schedules to ensure your axolotl thrives.

Feeding Frequency

Axolotls have a relatively slow metabolism and can go for extended periods without food. However, it’s generally recommended to feed them every 2-3 days. Overfeeding can lead to obesity and water quality issues, so moderation is key.

Age and Size Considerations

The frequency and portion size of your axolotl’s meals will depend on its age and size. Younger axolotls, especially those under 6 months old, have higher metabolic rates and require more frequent feedings. As they mature, the feeding frequency can be reduced.


Feeding Frequency

0-3 months


3-6 months

Every 2-3 days

6-12 months

Every 3-4 days

Adults (1+ year)

Every 4-5 days

Feeding Methods

There are several feeding methods to consider:

Target Feeding

Target feeding involves using tongs or tweezers to present food directly to your axolotl. This method allows you to monitor their intake and prevent overfeeding.

Dish Feeding

Dish feeding involves placing food in a shallow dish within the tank. This method can be convenient but may lead to overfeeding or water quality issues if not monitored closely.

Broadcast Feeding

Broadcast feeding involves scattering food throughout the tank. While this method can be visually appealing, it may result in uneaten food fouling the water and can be challenging to monitor portion sizes.

Feeding Times

Axolotls are generally more active and receptive to feeding during the evening or night time hours. However, it’s essential to establish a consistent feeding schedule that works best for you and your pet.

Feeding Guidelines by Life Stage

Axolotls have different nutritional requirements based on their life stage. Here are some guidelines to consider:

Hatchlings and Juveniles

  • It is recommended that hatchlings and juveniles be fed tiny pieces of live or frozen items on a daily basis or every other day. Some examples of these foods are brine shrimp and black worms.
  • Overfeeding should be avoided since it may cause developmental concerns as well as problems with the quality of the water.

Young Adults

  • A well-balanced meal consisting of fresh, frozen, and prepared foods should be provided to young people every two to three days.
  • Be careful to provide a wide range of protein sources in order to guarantee a balanced intake of nutrients.

Mature Adults

  • Every three to four days, mature individuals may be given bigger quantities of fresh, frozen, or prepared meals depending on their dietary needs.
  • The amount of food you give your axolotl should be adjusted according to its activity level and overall health.

Daily Feeding Guide Chart for Axolotls

Life Stage

Feeding Frequency

Recommended Foods


Daily or every other day

Brine shrimp, black worms, daphnia


Daily or every other day

Brine shrimp, black worms, daphnia, small earthworms

Young Adults

Every 2-3 days

Live foods (earthworms, black worms), frozen foods (blood worms, brine shrimp), prepared pellets

Mature Adults

Every 3-4 days

Live foods (earthworms, black worms), frozen foods (blood worms, krill), prepared pellets

Feeding During Specific Situations

In some circumstances, it may be necessary to make modifications to the feeding regimen of your axolotl. Consider some of the following potential outcomes:

Breeding and Egg-Laying

  • Increase protein intake for breeding axolotls to support the energy demands of reproduction.
  • Provide high-quality live or frozen foods, such as earthworms or black worms.
  • Reduce feeding for females after egg-laying to prevent complications.

Illness or Recovery

  • Sick or recovering axolotls may have reduced appetites or difficulty consuming food.
  • Offer easily digestible foods, such as brine shrimp or finely chopped earthworms.
  • Monitor water quality closely and perform frequent water changes.

Water Temperature Fluctuations

  • Axolotls may have reduced appetites during periods of water temperature fluctuations.
  • Adjust feeding frequency and portion sizes accordingly to prevent overfeeding.

Environmental Considerations

You should be aware that the environment in which your axolotl lives may have a big influence on its eating habits as well as its general health. Here are some important considerations to take into account:


Water temperatures that are between 60 and 68 degrees Fahrenheit (15 and 20 degrees Celsius) are ideal for the growth of axolotls. Temperatures that are warmer may stimulate their metabolism, which in turn can lead to an increase in the amount of food they consume, whilst temperatures that are colder may cause them to have less of an appetite.

Tank Setup

The appropriate feeding and digesting of your axolotl may be made easier with a tank layout that has been thoughtfully planned. It is important to make sure that your tank has sufficient hiding places, since axolotls may feel more at ease eating in regions that are more isolated. Additionally, considering that axolotls are energetic hunters in their native environment, it is important to give a large amount of surface area for swimming and foraging.


What is the easiest way to feed an axolotl?

Axolotls like to be fed little amounts of frozen or live bloodworms, brine shrimp, or small feeder fish using tongs. This is the easiest technique. Food should be served daily to children and every two to three days to adults. Switching foods and not overfeeding may prevent obesity and water pollution.

How often do you feed an axolotl?

Juvenile axolotls should be fed daily, while adults should be fed every two to three days. Axolotls usually get a few small feeder fish or a frozen meal cube daily, depending on their size. Overeating may cause obesity and water pollution.

What do axolotls like to eat?

Earthworms, brine shrimp, bloodworms, and small feeder fish are among the live foods axolotls eat. They like brine shrimp. They can readily eat tubifex worms, brine shrimp, krill, and freeze-dried and frozen choices. Their health depends on protein-rich, nutrient-rich meals.

Can axolotls eat raw chicken?

While axolotls are carnivores, raw chicken is not their greatest meal. It lacks nutrition and may include harmful germs. Axolotls thrive on a varied diet of live feeder insects, aquatic amphibian pellets, and frozen or live feeder fish. A good diet is essential for their health.

Can axolotls eat bread?

Since their digestive systems are not intended to handle plant materials, axolotls should not eat bread or other grains. This includes grain-based foods. Bread provides minimal nutritional value for carnivorous frogs and may cause digestive issues or blockages. For optimal axolotl health, feed it live protein.


Proper feeding is crucial to your axolotl’s health. You can ensure your aquatic friend thrives and remains healthy by first understanding their dietary needs, offering them a balanced and varied food, and following proper feeding techniques. It may take some trial and error to find the best feeding regimen for your axolotl, since each is unique. Regularly monitoring your pet’s behavior, making modifications, and consulting with qualified axolotl keepers or doctors are crucial. If you’re patient and determined, you may establish a caring habitat for your axolotl, helping it grow and giving you years of joy.

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